Iceland is often called "A land of ice and fire". It is located over a "hot spot" of the Earth's mantle, within the Atlantic Rift. The western part of the island is a part of the North American Plate, while the eastern part lies on the Eurasian Plate. Measurements show expansion of the volcanic belt, which means, that the two tectonic plates are moving away from each another. The largest ice cap in Europe is located on Iceland as well - the Vatnajökull ice cap. Studies of this cap, and the related Jökulsárlón glacial lake, formed basis of one of the theories explaining the origins of ribbon lakes.
Presenter: Julian Podgórski